Federal Bureau for the Investigation of Maritime Accidents (FEBIMA)


Federal Bureau for the Investigation of Maritime Accidents





The Federal Bureau for the Investigation of Maritime Accidents (FEBIMA) is an independent investigating body created after partial transposition of Directive 2009/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 establishing the fundamental principles governing the investigation of accidents in the maritime transport sector.


To contribute to the safety of navigation, FEBIMA conducts investigations into the cause of maritime accidents. These investigations do not serve the purpose of apportioning blame, but serve solely to track down the facts that have led to the accidents.


FEBIMA publishes its findings in a report that may contain safety recommendations to prevent accidents in the future.


FEBIMA is totally independent in its organisation, legal form and decision making, from any party or authority of which the interests might conflict with the tasks entrusted to FEBIMA.


Maritime accidents that should be reported to FEBIMA are any event or series of events having led to the loss of life or vessel, structural damage to the vessel, the grounding of a vessel, or resulting in serious pollution.


As described in the applicable law, FEBIMA will, as a rule, not investigate accidents with pleasure craft, government operated craft, navy ships, wooden ships, vessels without propulsion, river barges, fishing vessels with a length of less than 15 metres, and fixed drilling rigs.





Anyone is entitled to report a marine accident to FEBIMA.  However, the Maritime Information and Security centre (MIK), every authority, every public officer or civil servant who, within the execution of the assigned duties, gets acquainted with a maritime accident shall notify FEBIMA of said accident without any delay. In the case of a maritime accident with a Belgian registered vessel, the captain, owner, charterer, manager or operator shall inform FEBIMA immediately.



To report a maritime accident email to:


or call: +32 2 277 43 43